Processor (computing)

Central processing unit (CPU), the hardware within a computer that executes a program

Microprocessor, a central processing unit contained on a single integrated circuit (IC)

Application-specific instruction set processor (ASIP), a component used in system-on-a-chip design
Graphics processing unit (GPU), a processor designed for doing dedicated graphics-rendering computations
Physics processing unit (PPU), a dedicated microprocessor designed to handle the calculations of physics
Digital signal processor (DSP), a specialized microprocessor designed specifically for digital signal processing

Image processor, a specialized DSP used for image processing in digital cameras, mobile phones or other devices

Floating-point unit
Network processor, a microprocessor specifically targeted at the networking application domain

Multi-core processor, single component with two or more independent CPUs (called “cores”) on the same chip carrier or on the same die
Front-end processor, a helper processor for communication between a host computer and other devices

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